Joshua L. Chamberlain of Maine and John B. Gordon of Georgia led the Union and Confederate armies, respectively, at the formal surrender ceremony at Appomattox Courthouse, Virginia on April 12, 1865. Both men were volunteers and began their service as low-level officers. Throughout the Civil War, Chamberlain and Gordon continuously demonstrated remarkable aptitude and extraordinary courage, earning them the respect and accolades of their superiors and subordinates. At the surrender ceremony, Chamberlain, in recognition of Southern bravery and the loss of brothers-in-arms, ordered the Union Army to salute the vanquished foe. Gordon and his men responded in kind - - honor answering answer.